Category: Astronomy

Creation of the Universe 6

Creation of the Universe

Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth, and when He decrees a thing, He merely “s to it: “Be”! And it is. (Al-Baqarah 117. Verse)....

The Qur'an on the Day and After the Apocalypse 2

Doomsday and After

They ask thee concerning the Mountains: say, "My Lord will uproot them and scatter them as dust." (Ta-Ha 105. Verse) On that Day the earth...

atmosphere shield Protected Ceiling 0

Protected Roof

And We have made the heaven a roof, well protected, still they turn away paying no heed to its (heavenly) signs. (Al-Anbiya 32. Verse) The atmosphere surrounding the world...

Sent Down Iron in the Qur'an 4

Sent Down Iron

We also sent down iron, which is very hard and has many benefits for people (Al-Hadid 25. Verse) Iron is one of the elements highlighted in the Qur'an...

7 heavens Seven Heavens 3

Seven Heavens

It is He Who hath created for you all things that are on earth; Moreover His design comprehended the heavens, for He gave order and perfection...

El Battani

(Turkiye 858 - Iraq 929)

Battani - Islam and MathematicsHe is known as a Muslim, Astronomer and Mathematician who invented Trigonometry in Mathematics about 1000 years ago. He calculated the rotation of the moon around the sun as 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 24 seconds. Today, this is calculated as 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds. So Battani was wrong by 22 seconds.

Some of Bettanî's other important discoveries and achievements are as follows: The determination of the average motion of the moon in longitude, the measurement of the apparent diameters of the sun and the moon and the variation of the sun's diameter over the course of a year and the moon's over the course of an anomalous month, the conclusion from these discoveries that an annular eclipse of the sun, which Ptolemy said was impossible, was possible, and the development of a very robust method for calculating the degree of lunar eclipse.