We created man from a quintessence (of clay).
(Al-Mu'minun 12. Verse)
The subject of human creation can be examined under two headings in the Qur'an. The first is the creation of Adam, the ancestor of mankind, and the second is the creation of other people. Mâturîdî1Mâturîdî, Te'vîlat, VIII, XI
He is the first of the two imams of the circumcision. His name is Mohammed bin Mohammed Maturidi. His dog tag is Abu Mensur. His birthplace is the Maturid nahiye of Samarkand. Hijri died in Samarkand in 333 (m. 944).
Imam-i Maturidi passed the information of the Ehl-i circumcision, which imam-i a'zam Abu Hanife reported and wrote live, into the books through those who transferred it, explaining and proving it. In the science of the word, imam-i Maturidi, who was the mujahideen in the akaid, learned the knowledge of the word and fiqh from Abu Nasr Iyad.
Imam-i Maturidi, who grew up very well in science, spread the faith of Ehl-i circumcision by writing various books and raising themto demand. As in the verse, in places where creation from soil or mud is explained, instead of the name Of Adam, the word human is used as a plural pronoun or as a genus name. Mâturîdî explains this narrative technique of the revelation as follows: These expressions may have been used in accordance with The Prophet Adam, the common ancestor of mankind. In addition, the fact that human presence comes from the soil can also be explained by the provision of the basic nutrients that the body needs to live from the soil.
A scientific study2https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131105132027.htmshows that clay may be the birthplace of life on Earth. Clay absorbs liquids like a sponge, and proteins serve as the perfect place for chemicals to react to each other to create DNA and eventually living cells.
Other commentators refer to the human body, which is composed of various chemical components such as iron, phosphorus, carbon, etc. These chemical components are also found in the soil. For this reason, Maurice Bucaille emphasizes that the "muddy essence" refers to the various chemical components that form the mud extracted from the water, the main element and source of all life as weight. To achieve a better meaning, we need to think about two additional verses that deal with the waterborne origin of life. God (p.v.t.) says, "God has created every animal from water" (Qur'an, 24:45). He added, "We have created every living thing from water" (Qur'an, 21:30). From these verses, we understand that water is the origin of every living organism and the main component that it cannot survive without it.
Then we placed it (the generation of Adam) in a nutfe (a little water-semen) in place of rest, firmly fixed (womb).
(Al-Mu'minun 13. Verse)
In Arabic; The word "nutfe", which means "pure water, a quantity of water", is used in the same sense as semen in the interpretation. In the Qur'an, it is reported that this "pure water" is composed of semen and is part of it. A hadith narrated from Abu Said al-Hudrî (d.73/693) is described not only from the entire semen fluid of the child, but from only part of it. In Modern Embryology, fertilization (fertilization) is known to be carried out by only one of the millions of spermatosoids. Based on this data, nutfenin should be understood as "fertilizing sperm", which would be the definition that falls in line with the original definition of translation. Another important point here is that this extract, which glides from the semen as the extract filtering through the mud, is the basis for material creation with the zigot (fertilized cell) phase, a continuation of the speech phase.
In addition, Surat Al-Najm "Indeed, He created men, and the female from a small water when he was thrown (womb)." (45-46) confirms that the sex of a person is determined as a man or a woman when the semen drop is emitted. It is not possible to know that before the invention of microscopes in the last century, the embryo, which is a boy or girl, was determined only by sperm (nutfe) rather than ovum.
Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create!
(Al-Mu'minun 14. Verse)
The word "Alaka" is in the dictionary; it comes to meanings such as frozen blood that is hanged, and is passed on to something. Leeches that live in water and absorb the blood of the creature they cling to are also called "dûdet-u 'alak" in Arabic. This is an appropriate definition of the human embryo, 7-24. in the days of the uterine membrane, a leech sticks to the skin. Like leech, the human embryo takes blood from the inner membrane of the womb or the desidua. It is remarkable how similar the embryo is to a leech of 23-24 days. In the 7th century, there were no microscopes or lenses, so doctors did not know that the human embryo had this leech-like appearance.
The Arabic word "mudga" means "chewed matter or chewed lump.". Towards the end of the fourth week, the human embryo appears to be a piece of meat that has been chewed. The chewed-up appearance is caused by nuts that look like tooth marks. Somits represent the beginning or primordian of the vertebrae. The continuation of the verse indicates that bones and muscles form through the tramped lump phase. It is suitable for embryological development. First, the bones form as cartilage models and then the muscles around it (meat) develop.
Until recently, embryologists assumed that the bones and muscles in an embryo had developed at the same time. Therefore, for a long time, some people have claimed that these verses contradict science. Nevertheless, advanced microscopic research through new technological advances has revealed that the revelation of the Qur'an is word-to-word. These observations at the microscopic level have shown that the development within the mother's uterus occurs as described in verses. First, the cartilage tissue of the embryo becomes ossical. Then the muscle cells selected from the tissue around the bones come together and wrapped around the bones.
The next part implies that bones and muscles result in the formation of another creature. This may indicate a human-like embryo formed by the end of the eighth week. At this stage, it has distinctive human characteristics and has signs of all internal and external organs (primordia). After eight weeks, the human embryo is called foetus( fetus). This could be the new creature expressed by the verse.
Then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His spirit; and appointed for you hearing and sight and hearts. Small thanks give ye!
(As-Sajda 9. Verse)
This verse shows that hearing, vision and sense develop in this order, this is true. The traces of the inner ears appear before the beginning of the eyes and the brain (area of understanding) is last different.
He makes you, in the wombs of your mothers, in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness.
(Az-Zumar 6. Verse)
The fact that the human embryo develops in stages is the 15th century. it was not discussed or depicted until the 19th century. Microscope 17. After being discovered by Leeuwenhook in the 19th century, explanations were made about the early stages of the chick embryo. The staging of human embryos is the 20th century. it has not been described until the 19th century. "Three-storey darkness" can state: (1) the front wall of the abdomen; (2) uterine wall; and (3) amniokoryonic membranes. While there are other interpretations of this statement, the explanation presented here seems the most logical in an embryological standpoint.
In the 7th century, even a hundred years ago, it was not possible to interpret verses referring to the creation of man in the Qur'an. We can interpret them now because modern embryology science gives us a new understanding. Of course, there are other verses about human development in the Qur'an that will be understood in the future as our knowledge grows.
The Qur'an tells us about the creation of a child in a mother's womb and its chronological evolution in full life. Parents play only a instrumental role in this creative process.
We have certainly created man in the best of stature.
(At-Tin 4. Verse)
God knows best of all.